Elgar

Elgar
Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet OM GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924.

Although Elgar is often regarded as a typically English composer, most of his musical influences were not from England but from continental Europe. He felt himself to be an outsider, not only musically, but socially. In musical circles dominated by academics, he was a self-taught composer; in Protestant Britain, his Roman Catholicism was regarded with suspicion in some quarters; and in the class-conscious society of Victorian and Edwardian Britain, he was acutely sensitive about his humble origins even after he achieved recognition. He nevertheless married the daughter of a senior British army officer. She inspired him both musically and socially, but he struggled to achieve success until his forties, when after a series of moderately successful works his Enigma Variations (1899) became immediately popular in Britain and overseas. He followed the Variations with a choral work, The Dream of Gerontius (1900), based on a Roman Catholic text that caused some disquiet in the Anglican establishment in Britain, but it became, and has remained, a core repertory work in Britain and elsewhere. His later full-length religious choral works were well received but have not entered the regular repertory.

In his fifties, Elgar composed a symphony and a violin concerto that were immensely successful. His second symphony and his cello concerto did not gain immediate public popularity and took many years to achieve a regular place in the concert repertory of British orchestras. Elgar's music came, in his later years, to be seen as appealing chiefly to British audiences. His stock remained low for a generation after his death. It began to revive significantly in the 1960s, helped by new recordings of his works. Some of his works have, in recent years, been taken up again internationally, but the music continues to be played more in Britain than elsewhere.

Elgar has been described as the first composer to take the gramophone seriously. Between 1914 and 1925, he conducted a series of acoustic recordings of his works. The introduction of the moving-coil microphone in 1923 made far more accurate sound reproduction possible, and Elgar made new recordings of most of his major orchestral works and excerpts from The Dream of Gerontius.
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Elgar

Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet OM GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber mu...
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16 albums
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ELGAR Symphony No. 2
ELGAR Enigma Variations
Recorded in 1954 and 1956
Total duration: 79:38

The Hallé Orchestra
conductor Sir John Barbirolli

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WAGNER Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg - Prelude to Act III
ELGAR Variations on an Original Theme ('Enigma'), Op.36 
WAGNER Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg - Overture
ELGAR Serenade for String Orchestra, Op. 20 - 2. Larghetto
WAGNER Der fliegende Holländer - Overture
DELIUS On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring
Recorded 1943
Total duration: 67:00

Seattle Symphony
conducted by Sir Thomas Beecham

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    NICOLAI The Merry Wives of Windsor: Overture
    ELGAR
    Serenade for Strings
    HANDEL-BEECHAM
    Love in Bath: The Great Elopement
    DELIUS
    The Walk to the Paradise Garden
    J. STRAUSS II
    Voices of Spring
    Live broadcast on ABC/Blue Network, 4pm, 7 April 1945
    Total duration: 54:43

    Sir Thomas Beecham, conductor
    Blue Network Symphony Orchestra

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    ARNOLD Eight English Dances
    BAX Tintagel
    ELGAR Three Bavarian Dances;l Chansons de Nuit & Matin
    HOLST The Perfect Fool, Ballet Suites Decca LXT5015
    BUTTERWORTH A Shropshire Lad; The Banks of Green Willow
    WALTON Siesta

    Recorded 1954
    Total duration: 79:43

    London Philharmonic Orchestra
    conducted by Sir Adrian Boult

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    ELGAR Symphony No. 1

    Recorded in 1949
    Duration: 48:01

    London Philharmonic Orchestra
    conductor Sir Adrian Boult

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    ELGAR Enigma Variations
    ELGAR Symphony No. 2

    Recorded between 1920 and 1925
    Total duration: 71:46

    The Royal Albert Hall Orchestra
    Sir Edward Elgar,
    conductor

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    TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op.74 (Pathétique)
    RAVEL
    Boléro
    SAINT-SAËNS Carnival of the Animals
    STRAVINSKY
    The Rite of Spring
    ELGAR Cockaigne Overture

      Studio recordings · 1929-1933
      Total duration: 74:03

      Sir Edward Elgar - BBC Symphony Orchestra
      Serge Koussevitzky - Boston Symphony Orchestra

      Leopold Stokowski - The Philadelphia Orchestra
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      HANDEL Water Music Suite (arr. Harty)
      VAUGHAN WILLIAMS Concerto for Oboe and Strings in A minor
      ELGAR
      Falstaff, Op. 68

      Recorded 1945
      Total duration: 75:50

      Mitch Miller, Oboe
      The Columbia Broadcasting Symphony
      conducted by Bernard Herrmann

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      BEETHOVEN Violin Sonata No. 9 'Kreutzer'
      Encores by BACH, BRAHMS, BRUCH, CHOPIN, ELGAR, SCHUBERT

      Studio recordings, 1929-1935

      Total duration: 78:06

      Bronislaw Huberman, violin
      Ignaz Friedman, 
      piano
      Siegfried Schultze, 
      piano 

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        BRUCH Violin Concerto No. 1
        ELGAR
        Violin Concerto 
        Studio recordings, 1931/32
        Total duration: 72:36

        Yehudi Menuhin violin
        London Symphony Orchestra

        Sir Edward Elgar
        conductor
        Sir Landon Ronald
        conductor

         

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        ELGAR Violin Sonata No. 1 in G major, Op. 78
        RUBBRA
        Violin Sonata No. 2 in A major, Op. 100

        Short works by Sammons, Dvorák, Juon, Horn

        Recorded between 1924 and 1946
        Total duration: 55:38

        Albert Sammons, violin
        William Murdoch, piano
        Gerald Moore, piano


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        ELGAR "Enigma" Variations
        ELGAR Pomp and Circumstance Marches 1 & 4

        Recorded in 1953
        Duration: 43:10

        London Symphony Orchestra
        Conductor: Sir Malcolm Sargent