Chopin

Chopin
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and by teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska from 1836 to 1837, he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French woman writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of the instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his composition style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era in the public consciousness. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.
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Chopin

Chopin

Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Wa...
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18 albums
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    CHOPIN 24 Preludes, Op. 28
    DEBUSSY
    Preludes, Book 1

    Recorded between 1930 and 1934
    Total duration: 67:31

    Alfred Cortot, piano
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    CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 2
    R
    AVEL Piano Concerto for the Left Hand
    SAINT-SAËNS
    Piano Concerto No. 4

    Studio recordings, 1935 & 1939
    Total duration: 71:43

    Alfred Cortot, piano
    Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire

    Unnamed Orchestras

    Charles Munch, 
    conductor

    John Barbirolli, conductor

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    CHOPIN  24 Preludes, Op. 28

    Recorded 1953
    Duration 35:17

    Friedrich Gulda, piano
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    BEETHOVEN Violin Sonata No. 9 'Kreutzer'
    Encores by BACH, BRAHMS, BRUCH, CHOPIN, ELGAR, SCHUBERT

    Studio recordings, 1929-1935

    Total duration: 78:06

    Bronislaw Huberman, violin
    Ignaz Friedman, 
    piano
    Siegfried Schultze, 
    piano 

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    TCHAIKOVSKY Violin Concerto
    LALO
    Symphonie Espagnole
    Encores by Brahms, Chopin, Sarasate, Tchaikovsky and Zarzycki

    Studio and live recordings, 1928-34
    Total duration: 72:03

    Bronislaw Huberman, violin
    William Steinberg ∙ Staatskapelle Berlin

    George Szell ∙ Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

    Siegfried Schultze
    , piano

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    Chopin Piano Concerto No. 1

    Chopin Piano Sonata No. 3
    Studio and live recordings · 1947/50
    Total duration: 61:48

    Dinu Lipatti, piano
    Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich

    Otto Ackerman,
    conductor
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    CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 1

    Recorded in Hilversum in 1951
    Total duration: 38:39

    Noel Mewton-Wood,
    piano
    Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
    conducted by Walter Goehr

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    STRAVINSKY Concerto for Piano & Wind Instruments
    CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 2
    Recorded in 1952 and 1948
    Total duration: 51:23 

    Noel Mewton-Wood, piano
    Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
    Zurich Radio Orchestra
    conductor Walter Goehr

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    BEETHOVEN "Archduke" Trio
    RACHMANINOV Danse Orientale

    GRANADOS Spanish Dance 5: "Andaluza"
    CHOPIN Introduction & Polonaise


    Studio Recordings · 1956
    Total duration: 64:47

    Mstislav Rostropovich, cello
    Emil Gilels,
    piano
    Leonid Kogan,
    violin
    Alexander Dedyukhin,
    piano 

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    CHOPIN 4 Ballades
    CHOPIN
    24 Preludes, Op. 28

    Recorded 1959 and 1946
    Total duration: 70:31

    Arthur Rubinstein, piano
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    CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 1
    CHOPIN Piano Concerto No. 2

    Recorded 1958 & 1961, stereo
    Total duration: 71:29

    Arthur Rubinstein piano
    New Symphony Orchestra of London
    Stanisław Skrowaczewski
    conductor
    Symphony of the Air
    Alfred Wallenstein
    conductor

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    BEETHOVEN Cello Sonatas 1, 4 and 5

    BEETHOVEN 7 Variations on “Bei Männern” from Die Zauberflöte
    Encores by Bizet, Chopin, Fauré, Pianelli and Pierné
    Studio recordings, 1926-48
    Total duration: 79:09

    Felix Salmond, cello 
    Leonid Hambro,
    piano
    Simeon Rumschisky,
    piano