Emanuel List

Emanuel List
Emanuel List (born March 22, 1888 in Vienna - d. June 21, 1967 in Vienna) was an Austrian-American opera bass. He is best remembered for his performances in Wagnerian operas.

List first began singing as a boy soprano in a Vienna choir, and also sang in the musical theater there. When his family moved to America, he sang in vaudeville. In 1920, he returned to Vienna for additional training; his first opera role was at the Volksoper in 1922, as Mephistopheles in Charles Gounod's Faust. In 1923 he was offered a role in a production at the Charlottenburg opera company in Berlin, and two years later he joined the Berlin State Opera. That year he debuted in the role of Pogner in Wagner's Die Meistersinger, and went on to portray King Mark in Tristan und Isolde, Hunding in Die Walküre and Hagen in Götterdammerung, as well as Ramfis in Giuseppe Verdi's Aida and Baron Ochs in Richard Strauss's Der Rosenkavalier.

At the Salzburg Festival in Austria, List reprised his performance as King Mark and also played the roles of Osmin in Mozart's Die Entführung aus dem Serail and Commendatore in Don Giovanni, as well as Rocco in Beethoven's Fidelio. He did the entire Ring Cycle at the 1933 Bayreuth Festival, singing Hunding, Hagen, and Fafner.

List's Jewish heritage led him to leave Germany in 1933 for America; later that year he played the Landgrave in Wagner's Tannhäuser at the Metropolitan Opera, and remained in the company until 1950. He became an American citizen, and sang in San Francisco, Chicago, and Buenos Aires in addition to New York.

In 1950, List made his first appearance in Berlin since he had left the country, and retired in 1952. He died in 1967.
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Emanuel List

Emanuel List

Emanuel List (born March 22, 1888 in Vienna - d. June 21, 1967 in Vienna) was an Austrian-American opera bass. He is best remembered for his performances in Wagnerian operas.

List first began singing as a boy soprano in a Vienna choir, and also sang in the musical theater there. When his family moved to America, he sang in vaudeville. In 1920, he returned to Vienna for additional training; his first opera role was at the Volksoper in 19...
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4 albums
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    WAGNER Die Walküre
    Live broadcast stage performance, February 1940
    Total duration: 3hr 28:56 

    Siegmund - Lauritz Melchior
    Sieglinde - Marjorie Lawrence
    Hunding - Emanuel List
    Brünhilde - Kirsten Flagstad
    Wotan - Julius Huehn


    Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
    Conductor Erich Leinsdorf 


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    WAGNER Tannhäuser

    Live concert recording, 1941
    Total duration: 2hr 54:58 

    Lauritz Melchior - Tannhäuser
    Kirsten Flagstad
    - Elisabeth
    Emanuel List
    - Landgraf Hermann
    Herbert Janssen
    - Wolfram
    Kerstin Thorborg
    - Venus
    Erich Leinsdorf,
    conductor
    Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus
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    WAGNER Siegfried

    Recorded live in 1937
    Total duration:  3hr 25:51

    Lauritz Melchior, Siegfried
    Friedrich Schorr,
    Wanderer
    Kirsten Flagstad,
    Brünhilde

    Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
    conducted by Arthur Bodanzky

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    WAGNER Die Walküre (Act 1)

    Recorded in Musikvereinssaal, Vienna 20-22 June 1935
    Total duration: 61:58

    Lotte Lehmann: Sieglinde
    Mauritz Melchior: Siegmund
    Emanuel List: Hunding
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    conducted by Bruno Walter