Weber

Weber
Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 – 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.

Weber's operas Der Freischütz, Euryanthe and Oberon greatly influenced the development of the Romantische Oper (Romantic opera) in Germany. Der Freischütz came to be regarded as the first German "nationalist" opera, Euryanthe developed the Leitmotif technique to an unprecedented degree, while Oberon may have influenced Mendelssohn's music for A Midsummer Night's Dream and, at the same time, revealed Weber's lifelong interest in the music of non-Western cultures. This interest was first manifested in Weber's incidental music for Schiller's translation of Gozzi's Turandot, for which he used a Chinese melody, making him the first Western composer to use an Asian tune that was not of the pseudo-Turkish kind popularized by Mozart and others.

A brilliant pianist himself, Weber composed four sonatas, two concertos and the Konzertstück in F minor (concert piece), which influenced composers such as Chopin, Liszt and Mendelssohn. The Konzertstück provided a new model for the one-movement concerto in several contrasting sections (such as Liszt's, who often played the work), and was acknowledged by Stravinsky as the model for his Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. Weber's shorter piano pieces, such as the Invitation to the Dance, were later orchestrated by Berlioz, while his Polacca Brillante was later set for piano and orchestra by Liszt.

Weber's compositions for clarinet, bassoon, and horn occupy an important place in the musical repertoire. His compositions for the clarinet, which include two concertos, a concertino, a quintet, a duo concertante, and variations on a theme from his opera Silvana, are regularly performed today. His Concertino for Horn and Orchestra requires the performer to simultaneously produce two notes by humming while playing—a technique known as "multiphonics". His bassoon concerto and the Andante e Rondo ungarese (a reworking of a piece originally for viola and orchestra) are also popular with bassoonists.

Weber's contribution to vocal and choral music is also significant. His body of Catholic religious music was highly popular in 19th-century Germany, and he composed one of the earliest song cycles, Die Temperamente beim Verluste der Geliebten ([Four] Temperaments on the Loss of a Lover). Weber was also notable as one of the first conductors to conduct without a piano or violin.

Weber's orchestration has also been highly praised and emulated by later generations of composers – Berlioz referred to him several times in his Treatise on Instrumentation while Debussy remarked that the sound of the Weber orchestra was obtained through the scrutiny of the soul of each instrument.

His operas influenced the work of later opera composers, especially in Germany, such as Marschner, Meyerbeer and Wagner, as well as several nationalist 19th-century composers such as Glinka. Homage has been paid to Weber by 20th-century composers such as Debussy, Stravinsky, Mahler (who completed Weber's unfinished comic opera Die drei Pintos and made revisions of Euryanthe and Oberon) and Hindemith (composer of the popular Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber).

Weber also wrote music journalism and was interested in folksong, and learned lithography to engrave his own works.
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Weber

Weber

Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 – 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.

Weber's operas Der Freischütz, Euryanthe and Oberon greatly influenced the development of the Romantische Oper (Romantic opera) in Germany. Der Freischütz came to be regarded as the first German "nationalist" opera, Euryanthe developed ...
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12 albums
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WEBER Der Freischütz

    Recorded live in Salzburg, 1954
    Total duration: 2hr 30:58 

    Chorus of the Vienna State Opera
    Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra

    conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler

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    BEETHOVEN Leonore Overture No. 3
    SCHUBERT Rosamunde, Entr'acte No. 3
    SCHUBERT Marche Militaire
    WEBER Die Freischütz - Overture
    MENDELSSOHN A Midsummer Night's Dream

    Recorded in 1927 and 1928
    Total duration: 58:59

    San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
    conducted by Alfred Hertz

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    VARIOUS COMPOSERS Overtures and Dances
    Studio recordings, 1931
    Total duration: 77:50

    London Symphony Orchestra 
    Leo Blech,
    conductor

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    MOZART, WEBER, MENDELSSOHN - Overtures

    LORTZING, LANNER - Overtures

    Recorded in Berlin, 1927-33

    Total duration: 64:01

    Berlin State Opera Orchestra
    Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra

    conductor
    Hans Pfitzner
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    WEBER Two Overtures
    SCHUMANN Manfred - excerpts
    BEETHOVEN Egmont
    BEETHOVEN Symphony No. 6 'Pastoral'
    Recorded in 1928 and 1929
    Total duration: 77:59

    Berlin State Opera Orchestra
    conducted by Max von Schillings

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    STRAVINSKY Firebird Suite
    WAGNER Overture to 'Tannhäuser'

    BRAHMS, GRIEG, MOZART, WEBER, BEETHOVEN
    THOMAS, RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, GOUNOD, LIADOV

    Recorded 1917-1924
    Total duration: 70:37
    The Philadelphia Orchestra
    conducted by Leopold Stokowski