Jascha Horenstein

Jascha Horenstein

Jascha Horenstein (6 May [O.S. 24 April] 1898 – 2 April 1973) was an American conductor.

Horenstein was born in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Ukraine), into a well-to-do Jewish family; his mother (Marie Ettinger) came from an Austrian rabbinical family and his father (Abraham Horenstein) was Russian.

His family moved to Koenigsberg in 1906 and then to Vienna in 1911 and he studied at the Vienna Academy of Music starting in 1916, with Joseph Marx (music theory) and Franz Schreker (composition).

In 1920, he moved to Berlin and worked as an assistant to Wilhelm Furtwängler. During the 1920s he conducted the Vienna Symphony Orchestra and the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. He became principal conductor of the Düsseldorf Opera in 1928, and then the company's Generalmusikdirektor in 1929. He had to resign his post in March 1933 after the rise of the Nazi Party. His Düsseldorf tenure was the only permanent musical directorship in his career. Forced as a Jew to flee the Nazis, he moved to the United States in 1940, and eventually became an American citizen. He taught at the New School for Social Research while in New York City.

Horenstein is particularly remembered as a champion of modern music and as a Mahler conductor, although his repertory as shown by discographies was quite wide. In 1929 he conducted the premiere of three movements of Alban Berg's Lyric Suite in an arrangement for string orchestra. In 1950, he conducted the first Paris performance of Berg's Wozzeck.

Horenstein conducted the works of Bruckner and Mahler throughout his career, and he also displayed ongoing interest in Carl Nielsen, whom he knew personally, at a time when these composers were unfashionable. For example, his 1952 Vox recording of Mahler's Symphony No. 9 was the first studio recording, and the second commercial record, of that work. Several years later, he recorded the original version of Bruckner's Symphony No. 9. He made studio recordings of several of Mahler's symphonies at various points in his career, including Symphonies Nos. 1 and 3 with the London Symphony Orchestra. A number of radio archives hold broadcast airchecks of many of the other Mahler symphonies, as well as Das Lied von der Erde. In recent years, several of Horenstein's concert performances have been reissued on the BBC Legends label, including his celebrated 1959 Royal Albert Hall performance of Mahler's Symphony No. 8 and his 1972 Manchester performance of Mahler's Das Lied von der Erde.

Horenstein also recorded Robert Simpson's Third Symphony and music by Paul Hindemith and Richard Strauss during the last few years of his life. His opera recordings included Nielsen's Saul og David. His final operatic, and British, engagement was his March 1973 performances at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden of Richard Wagner's Parsifal.

It was during a performance of Nielsen's Fifth Symphony in Minneapolis in 1971 that Horenstein suffered a heart attack and was caught in mid-air by the leader of the orchestra. Though warned by his doctors to reduce his workload, he continued to conduct. At the time of his death, he was planning to conduct Mahler's Fifth, Sixth and Seventh.

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Jascha Horenstein

Jascha Horenstein

Jascha Horenstein (6 May [O.S. 24 April] 1898 – 2 April 1973) was an American conductor.

Horenstein was born in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Ukraine), into a well-to-do Jewish family; his mother (Marie Ettinger) came from an Austrian rabbinical family and his father (Abraham Horenstein) was Russian.

His family moved to Koenigsberg in 1906 and then to Vienna in 1911 and he studied at the Vienna Academy of Music starting in 1916, ...

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17 albums
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BACH Six Brandenburg Concertos

Studio recordings, 1954
Total duration: 1hr 40:00

Jascha Horenstein, conductor
Wiener Soloists

 

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BEETHOVEN  Symphony No. 3
BEETHOVEN The Creatures of Prometheus Overture
BEETHOVEN Consecration of the House Overture

Recorded in 1953 and in stereo in 1957
Total duration:  66:20 

Orchestra of the Southwest German Radio (SWDR)
Vienna Symphony Orchestra
conducted by Jascha Horenstein



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BEETHOVEN Symphony No. 9 'Choral'
Recorded in 1956
Total duration: 66:02 

Wilma Lipp, soprano
Elisabeth Hoengen,
alto
Julius Patzak,
tenor
Otto Wiener,
bass
Singverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Vienna
Pro Musica Symphony, Vienna (Vienna Symphony Orchestra)
Conductor Jascha Horenstein

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BRAHMS Symphony No. 1

BRUCH Scottish Fantasy 
Studio recordings, 1962
Total duration: 76:18  

Jascha Horenstein, conductor
David Oistrakh
, violin
London Symphony Orchestra

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BRAHMS Symphony No. 3
BRAHMS Variations on a Theme by Haydn
BRAHMS Tragic Overture

Studio and live recordings, 1957 (Stereo) and 1956 (Ambient Stereo)
Total duration: 68:53 

Jascha Horenstein, conductor
Orchestra of the Southwest German Radio (SWDR)

Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française

 

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BRUCKNER Symphony No. 8

BRUCKNER Symphony No. 9
Studio recordings · 1953 and 1955
Total duration: 2hr 9:43

Vienna Symphony Orchestra
(originally billed as "Pro Musica Orchestra, Vienna")
Jascha Horenstein
, conductor 

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BRUCKNER Symphony No. 7 in E

Recorded in 1928
Total duration: 58:58

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
conducted by Jascha Horenstein

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    BERG Altenberglieder (world première recording)
    SCHOENBERG
    Verklärte Nacht
    SCHOENBERG Chamber Symphony No. 1
    Live and studio recordings, 1953 (Ambient Stereo) and 1957 (stereo)
    Total duration: 67:11 

    Jascha Horenstein, conductor
    Írma Kolássi
    , mezzo-soprano
    Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française

    Orchestra of the Southwest German Radio (SWDR)
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    RATHAUS Symphony No. 3 (world première)
    KORNGOLD Prelude and Carnival Music from Violanta
    SCHREKER Prelude to a Drama 

    Broadcast and studio recordings, 1956-65
    Total duration: 71:50  

    Jascha Horenstein, conductor
    London Symphony Orchestra

    Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

    BBC Symphony Orchestra

     

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    BACH-SCHOENBERG  Two Chorale Preludes
    HAYDN  Symphony No. 94, “Surprise”
    MOZART  Overtures to Le Nozze di Figaro and La Clemenza di Tito
    SCHUBERT  Symphony No. 5
    Recorded in 1929
    Total duration: 69:02
    Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    conducted by Jascha Horenstein

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    LISZT A Faust Symphony
    WAGNER
    A Faust Overture

    Stereo studio recordings, 1957
    Total duration: 77:46

    Jascha Horenstein, conductor
    Ferdinand Koch
    , tenor
    Orchestra And Chorus of the Southwest German Radio (SWDR)

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    Mahler Symphony No. 5

    Live recording · 1961
    Total duration: 75:52

    Jascha Horenstein, conductor
    Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra