Schoenberg

Schoenberg
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian composer, music theorist, and painter. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. By 1938, with the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because he was Jewish (Anon. 1997–2013). He moved to the United States in 1934.

Schoenberg's approach, both in terms of harmony and development, has been one of the most influential of 20th-century musical thought. Many European and American composers from at least three generations have consciously extended his thinking, whereas others have passionately reacted against it.

Schoenberg was known early in his career for simultaneously extending the traditionally opposed German Romantic styles of Brahms and Wagner. Later, his name would come to personify innovations in atonality (although Schoenberg himself detested that term) that would become the most polemical feature of 20th-century art music. In the 1920s, Schoenberg developed the twelve-tone technique, an influential compositional method of manipulating an ordered series of all twelve notes in the chromatic scale. He also coined the term developing variation and was the first modern composer to embrace ways of developing motifs without resorting to the dominance of a centralized melodic idea.

Schoenberg was also an influential teacher of composition; his students included Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Hanns Eisler, Egon Wellesz, Nikos Skalkottas, and later John Cage, Lou Harrison, Earl Kim, Roberto Gerhard, Leon Kirchner, and other prominent musicians. Many of Schoenberg's practices, including the formalization of compositional method and his habit of openly inviting audiences to think analytically, are echoed in avant-garde musical thought throughout the 20th century. His often polemical views of music history and aesthetics were crucial to many significant 20th-century musicologists and critics, including Theodor W. Adorno, Charles Rosen, and Carl Dahlhaus, as well as the pianists Artur Schnabel, Rudolf Serkin, Eduard Steuermann, and Glenn Gould.

Schoenberg's archival legacy is collected at the Arnold Schönberg Center in Vienna.
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Schoenberg

Schoenberg

Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian composer, music theorist, and painter. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. By 1938, with the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because he was Jewish (Anon. 1997–2013). He moved to the United States in 1934.

Schoenberg's app...
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10 albums
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VARIOUS Genesis Suite
PISTON Symphony No. 2

Recorded in 1945/6 & 1944
Total duration: 75:32

Edward Arnold, narrator
Janssen Symphony of Los Angeles

Werner Janssen,
conductor
Boston Symphony Orchestra

G. Wallace Woodworth, conductor

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    BERG Altenberglieder (world première recording)
    SCHOENBERG
    Verklärte Nacht
    SCHOENBERG Chamber Symphony No. 1
    Live and studio recordings, 1953 (Ambient Stereo) and 1957 (stereo)
    Total duration: 67:11 

    Jascha Horenstein, conductor
    Írma Kolássi
    , mezzo-soprano
    Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française

    Orchestra of the Southwest German Radio (SWDR)
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    BACH-SCHOENBERG  Two Chorale Preludes
    HAYDN  Symphony No. 94, “Surprise”
    MOZART  Overtures to Le Nozze di Figaro and La Clemenza di Tito
    SCHUBERT  Symphony No. 5
    Recorded in 1929
    Total duration: 69:02
    Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    conducted by Jascha Horenstein

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    SCHOENBERG String Quartet No. 1 in D minor, Op. 7

    SCHOENBERG String Quartet No. 2 in F sharp minor, Op. 10
    SCHOENBERG String Quartet No. 3, Op. 30
    SCHOENBERG String Quartet No. 4, Op. 37
    WEBERN Five Movements for String Quartet, Op. 5
    BERG String Quartet, Op. 3

    Rrecorded 1951-52
    Total duration: 2hr 23:34

    Juilliard String Quartet


     



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    SCHOENBERG Verklärte Nacht
    BARTÓK Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion
    GOULD Dance Variations
    Recorded 1952 and 1953
    Total duration: 73:59

    San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
    Stokowski Symphony Orchestra
    conducted by Leopold Stokowski