Dvořák

Dvořák
Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was aged 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many decades later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Johannes Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874[a] and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".
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Dvořák

Dvořák

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. After Bedřich Smetana, he was the second Czech composer to achieve worldwide recognition. Following Smetana's nationalist example, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absor...
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26 albums
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BEECHAM at the Royal Festival Hall, Volume 1: Haydn, Lalo, Debussy
BEECHAM at the Royal Festival Hall, Volume 2: Mendelssohn, Ghedini, Dvořák
BEECHAM at the Royal Festival Hall, Volume 3: Addison, Beethoven, Saint-Saëns, Gounod

Recorded live in 1959

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
conducted by Sir Thomas Beecham

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MENDELSSOHN Overture: The Fair Melusine
GHEDINI Musica da Concerto per Viola ed Archi
DVOŘÁK  Symphony No. 8

Recorded live in 1959
Total duration: 70:43

Frederick Riddle, viola
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
conducted by Sir Thomas Beecham

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DVORAK Cello Concerto
MENDELSSOHN Symphony No. 3 "Scottish"
Recorded 1943
Total duration: 77:21

Mischel Cherniavsky, cello
Seattle Symphony
conducted by Sir Thomas Beecham

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BOULT Impressions of Albert Sammons

Broadcast in 1957 on the BBC Home Service
Total duration: 29:46

Albert Sammons, violin
Presented by Sir Adrian Boult

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    HAYDN Quartet in G, Op. 76, No. 1
    MOZART “Hunt” Quartet
    SCHUBERT “Death and the Maiden” Quartet
    DVOŘÁK “American” Quartet
    TCHAIKOVSKY Quartet No. 2 in F, Op. 22
    Encores by Dittersdorf, Mendelssohn and Borodin
    Studio recordings, 1926-29
    Total duration: 2hr 35:50

    The Budapest Quartet

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    BRAHMS Double Concerto
    BOCCHERINI Cello Sonata No. 4
    DVORAK Cello Concerto
    Recorded Barcelona 1929 and Prague 1937
    Total duration: 75:27

    Pablo Casals, cello
    Jacques Thibaud,
    violin
    Blas Net, piano
    Pablo Casals Orchestra, Alfred Cortot
    Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Geroge Szell


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    SCHUMANN Cello Concerto
    DVORAK Cello Concerto (stereo recording) 
    Studio and Live Recordings · 1953 and 1960
    Total duration: 64:30

    Pablo Casals, cello
    Prades Festival Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy
    Festival Casals Orchestra of Puerto Rico, Alexander Schneider


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    DVOŘÁK Cello Concerto

    Recorded in 1928/29
    Duration 33:23

    Emanuel Feuermann, cello
    Berlin State Opera Orchestra
    conducted by Michael Taube

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    DVORÁK Piano Concerto No. 1

    Recorded in 1954
    Duration: 36:23

    Rudolf Firkusny, piano
    The Cleveland Orchestra
    Conducted by George Szell

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    SMETANA The Bartered Bride - Overture
    LISZT Hungarian Rhapsody No. 12
    BRAHMS Hungarian Dance No. 5
    BRAHMS Hungarian Dance No. 6
    DVOŘÁK Carnival Overture
    DVOŘÁK Symphony No. 9
    DVOŘÁK Slavonic Dance No. 1

    Studio recordings, 1927-33
    Total duration: 65:36

    London Philharmonic Orchestra
    Hallé Orchestra
    Myra Hess,
    piano
    Sir Hamilton Harty,
    piano, conductor

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    BRAHMS Piano Quintet in F minor, Op. 34

    SMETANA String Quartet No. 1 in E minor, T.116 "From my Life"
    SCHUBERT String Quintet in C, D.956
    DVORÁK String Quartet No. 12 in F, Op. 96, 'American'
    Recorded 1950-55
    Total duration: 2hr 15:41

    Hollywood String Quartet

    with
    Paul Robyn,
    viola
    Victor Aller,
    piano
    Kurt Reher,
    cello

     

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    DVOŘÁK Cello Concerto

    Recorded in 1953
    Duration 40:30

    Antonio Janigro, cello
    Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera
    Conducted by Dean Dixon