Elgar

Elgar
Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet OM GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924.

Although Elgar is often regarded as a typically English composer, most of his musical influences were not from England but from continental Europe. He felt himself to be an outsider, not only musically, but socially. In musical circles dominated by academics, he was a self-taught composer; in Protestant Britain, his Roman Catholicism was regarded with suspicion in some quarters; and in the class-conscious society of Victorian and Edwardian Britain, he was acutely sensitive about his humble origins even after he achieved recognition. He nevertheless married the daughter of a senior British army officer. She inspired him both musically and socially, but he struggled to achieve success until his forties, when after a series of moderately successful works his Enigma Variations (1899) became immediately popular in Britain and overseas. He followed the Variations with a choral work, The Dream of Gerontius (1900), based on a Roman Catholic text that caused some disquiet in the Anglican establishment in Britain, but it became, and has remained, a core repertory work in Britain and elsewhere. His later full-length religious choral works were well received but have not entered the regular repertory.

In his fifties, Elgar composed a symphony and a violin concerto that were immensely successful. His second symphony and his cello concerto did not gain immediate public popularity and took many years to achieve a regular place in the concert repertory of British orchestras. Elgar's music came, in his later years, to be seen as appealing chiefly to British audiences. His stock remained low for a generation after his death. It began to revive significantly in the 1960s, helped by new recordings of his works. Some of his works have, in recent years, been taken up again internationally, but the music continues to be played more in Britain than elsewhere.

Elgar has been described as the first composer to take the gramophone seriously. Between 1914 and 1925, he conducted a series of acoustic recordings of his works. The introduction of the moving-coil microphone in 1923 made far more accurate sound reproduction possible, and Elgar made new recordings of most of his major orchestral works and excerpts from The Dream of Gerontius.
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Elgar

Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet OM GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber mu...
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18 albums
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ELGAR Enigma Variations
ELGAR Symphony No. 2

Recorded between 1920 and 1925
Total duration: 71:46

The Royal Albert Hall Orchestra
Sir Edward Elgar,
conductor

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TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op.74 (Pathétique)
RAVEL
Boléro
SAINT-SAËNS Carnival of the Animals
STRAVINSKY
The Rite of Spring
ELGAR Cockaigne Overture

    Studio recordings · 1929-1933
    Total duration: 74:03

    Sir Edward Elgar - BBC Symphony Orchestra
    Serge Koussevitzky - Boston Symphony Orchestra

    Leopold Stokowski - The Philadelphia Orchestra
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    HANDEL Water Music Suite (arr. Harty)
    VAUGHAN WILLIAMS Concerto for Oboe and Strings in A minor
    ELGAR
    Falstaff, Op. 68

    Recorded 1945
    Total duration: 75:50

    Mitch Miller, Oboe
    The Columbia Broadcasting Symphony
    conducted by Bernard Herrmann

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    BEETHOVEN Violin Sonata No. 9 'Kreutzer'
    Encores by BACH, BRAHMS, BRUCH, CHOPIN, ELGAR, SCHUBERT

    Studio recordings, 1929-1935

    Total duration: 78:06

    Bronislaw Huberman, violin
    Ignaz Friedman, 
    piano
    Siegfried Schultze, 
    piano 

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      BRUCH Violin Concerto No. 1
      ELGAR
      Violin Concerto 
      Studio recordings, 1931/32
      Total duration: 72:36

      Yehudi Menuhin violin
      London Symphony Orchestra

      Sir Edward Elgar
      conductor
      Sir Landon Ronald
      conductor

       

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      BACH Orchestral Transcriptions
      Recorded 1946-1955
      Total duration: 79:52

      The Philadelphia Orchestra
      conducted by Eugene Ormandy

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      ELGAR Violin Sonata No. 1 in G major, Op. 78
      RUBBRA
      Violin Sonata No. 2 in A major, Op. 100

      Short works by Sammons, Dvorák, Juon, Horn

      Recorded between 1924 and 1946
      Total duration: 55:38

      Albert Sammons, violin
      William Murdoch, piano
      Gerald Moore, piano