BEECHAM Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 5 & 6, Francesca da Rimini (1939/40, 1915) - PASC571

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BEECHAM Tchaikovsky: Symphonies 5 & 6, Francesca da Rimini (1939/40, 1915) - PASC571

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Overview

TCHAIKOVSKY Francesca da Rimini
TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 5
TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 6 'Pathétique' (2nd & 3rd mvts)

Studio recordings, 1939/40 & 1915
Total duration: 76:15

London Philharmonic Orchestra
Beecham Symphony Orchestra
conducted by Sir Thomas Beecham

This set contains the following albums:

The present release restores to circulation Beecham’s only recordings of two Tchaikovsky masterworks: the Fifth Symphony and the tone poem, Francesca da Rimini. They were previously coupled on an EMI CD in 1992 as part of their “Beecham Edition” series. When many recordings from that series were reissued in box sets in 2011, these were omitted, and thus have not had an “official” reissue in nearly three decades. Filling out this release are two acoustically-recorded abridged movements from the Pathétique Symphony, the sole surviving evidence of Beecham’s approach to this work.

The Fifth Symphony has seemed to invite extremes of interpretive subjectivity among conductors, particularly in the prewar years. Prior to Beecham’s recording, there had been examples of this in the sets from Mengelberg, Stokowski, Stock, Kitschin and others. Whether it was his intent or not, Beecham’s version was initially greeted as something of an antidote to that trend by Gramophone in a 1940 review by W.R.A.:

In general, is it not true that the more obvious the drama (or melodrama, as it is with this composer) the less obvious should be any glosses, pullings out, pushings in or other conductorial demonstrations of (usually) misplaced affection – for either the composer or himself? Hence Beecham’s straightforward paces, his steadiness, solidity without much weight, and a general tone of simple sincerity. If that be judged the right tone for the work, how well are he and Tchaikovsky met!

Forty years later, Mortimer H. Frank, reviewing for Fanfare an LP set which reissued this symphony along with others Beecham recorded in the 1930s, came to a similar conclusion:

Both the Tchaikovsky and the Franck interpretations fascinate: free of the excesses that often infected performances of this repertory during the ‘30s, they also seem a bit dispassionate. Many listeners, however, may find their occasional understatement attractive.

Yet, the interpretive objectivity attributed by the reviewers does not translate into a dull performance. As he did with Francesca da Rimini, Beecham conjures up plenty of fire, along with a modicum of targeted string portamenti and, despite the critics’ conclusions, no little flexibility of tempi.

Beecham made commercial recordings of only four Tchaikovsky symphonies – the Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth. Of these, only the Fifth was programmed by him with any frequency (and not at all after the war). The Tchaikovsky symphony which actually saw the most Beecham performances was the Pathétique; yet, he never recorded it complete, nor have any live performances surfaced, to my knowledge.

The only surviving examples of his way with the work seem to be two abridged movements recorded acoustically in 1915. (A further four unidentified sides were recorded by Columbia three years later – perhaps the first and fourth movements truncated to two sides each – but never released and are presumed lost.) In them, we hear not only the vast advances made by technology over the two dozen years which separate them from the Fifth Symphony and Francesca, but also the relatively high standard of playing by two orchestras created and trained by Beecham.

The sources for the transfers were first edition American Columbia copies for the symphony and Francesca, supplemented by an Australian Columbia for the symphony, and a British pressing of the acoustic disc. The last two movements of the Fifth Symphony were played without pause on the original recording.

Mark Obert-Thorn

BEECHAM conducts TCHAIKOVSKY

Francesca da Rimini
Symphony No. 5
London Philharmonic Orchestra

Studio Recordings ∙ 1939/40

Symphony No. 6, “Pathétique” - 2nd & 3rd Movements
Beecham Symphony Orchestra

Studio Recordings ∙ 1915


1. TCHAIKOVSKY Francesca da Rimini (23:57)
Symphonic Fantasia after Dante, Op. 32

Recorded 7 & 19 December 1939 in Kingsway Hall, London
Matrices: CAX 8676-1, 8677-1, 8678-1, 8679-1, 8680-3 & 8681-1
First issued on Columbia LX 887/9


TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 5 in E minor, Op. 64
2. 1st Mvt.: Andante – Allegro con anima (14:00)
3. 2nd Mvt.: Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza (12:42)
4. 3rd Mvt.: Valse (Allegro moderato) (5:57)
5. 4th Mvt.: Finale (Andante maestoso – Allegro vivace) (12:19)
Recorded 18 December 1939 & 4 January 1940 in Kingsway Hall, London
Matrices: CAX 8690-1, 8685-1, 8691-1, 8687-1, 8688-1, 8689-1, 8686-3, 8682-1, 8683-1 & 8684-1
First issued on Columbia LX 869/73


TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op. 74 “Pathétique”
6. 2nd. Mvt.: Allegro con grazia (abridged) (3:56)
7. 3rd. Mvt.: Allegro molto vivace (abridged) (3:25)
Recorded 1915 in London
Matrices: 6602/3 ∙ First issued on Columbia L 1016

London Philharmonic Orchestra (Tracks 1 – 5)
Beecham Symphony Orchestra
(Tracks 6 – 7)

Sir Thomas Beecham conductor


Producer and Audio Restoration Engineer: Mark Obert-Thorn
Special thanks to Nathan Brown and Charles Niss for providing source material

Total timing: 76:16