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COATES conducts Tchaikovsky and Glinka - PASC301

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COATES conducts Tchaikovsky and Glinka - PASC301 -CD
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London Symphony Orchestra 
Albert Coates, conductor
Electric HMV recordings 1926-1930

Transfers by Ward Marston
Cover artwork based on a photograph of Albert Coates

Total duration: 74:46


Albert Coates - Tchaikovsky's Pathétique Symphony and more

Rare electric recordings in excellent new transfers by Ward Marston


  • TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op. 74 "Pathétique" [notes / score]
    Recorded 15 September 1926 & 6 January 1927. 
    Issued on English HMV D1190-94, on VDP AW148-152, Gramola ES232-236, and Electrola EJ116-120
    Movement I: CR665-2A, CR666-3, CR667-2, CR668-2.
    Movement II: CR669-2A, CR670-1.
    Movement III: CR671-1, CR672-1.
    Movement IV: CR673-1A, CR674-1A 

  • TCHAIKOVSKY March Slave Op. 31 [notes / score]
    Recorded 11 October 1928
    Issued on HMV ES481-3
    matrices Cc20616-2 and Cc20617-1; 

  • TCHAIKOVSKY Romeo and Juliet Fantasy Overture [notes / score]
    Recorded 11 October 1928
    Issued on HMV ES481-3
    Matrices: Cc13707-2, Cc13701-1, Cc13702-2, Cc13703-1, and Cc13704-1.
    issued only on Czech HMV  ES481-3.
    VDP numbers AW46-48 are listed in Alan Kelly's compilation files, but I have not heard of a copy in circulation. 

  • GLINKA Ruslan and Lyudmila Overture [notes / score]
    Recorded 17 October 1928
    Issued on HMV ES483
    Matrix Cc13723-2

    All recordings: Kingsway Hall, London

    London Symphony Orchestra 
    Albert Coates
    , conductor

    FLAC downloads include scores of all four works 

    Profile of Albert Coates, 1927 (excerpt):

    "It seems to me to be opportune to give a few particulars of Mr. Coates' earlier career, and to put these remarks, if possible, somewhere in the body of my article. A little doubt exists in some quarters as to cxactly what is Mr. Coates' nationality rating as a musician. These are the facts. He was born in St. Petersburg (later Petrograd and now Leningrad) in 1882 of English parents, and spent his early childhood in Russia. At the age of 12 he was sent to England, receiving most of his education at the Liverpool Institute. At the age of 18 he returned to his home in Russia, where he was placed in his father's office at the Thornton Woollen Mills. Young Albert spent his time writing music, and his father wondered why the office accounts were so often unfinished and why Albert did so little work. He discovered the lad writing part of a violin sonata in the pages of a ledger, and decided to allow him a musical education. Young Albert went to Leipzig for piano, 'cello, and composition. In 1904 the famous conductor Nikisch opened a class for conducting. Young Coates soon became his favourite pupil. The young man already showed his volcanic style with the baton, for Nikisch said to him, "The conducting stick seems insufficient for your feeling, Coates; you'd better take a whip." This certainly indicates the Coates whom we see in public to-day. Nikisch engaged the young man as his junior conductor at the Leipzig opera. In 1909 the Director of the St. Petersburg Imperial Opera heard Coates conduct Die Walküre, and offered him a senior post in St. Petersburg. Coates accepted, and soon became one of the most popular conductors in Russia. In 1914 he conducted in London at Covent Garden during the Wagner season. In 1917 the Revolution broke out in Russia. The Tsar's operatic director resigned and the artistes of the Theatre formed a non-political committee and unanimously elected Coates as president. The Bolshevik party came into power and confirmed the independence of the opera. The artistic flag was kept flying, but it was beaten by a terrible enemy. One morning Coates asked the orchestra to repeat a passage, but the men answered him, "We cannot. We're too hungry!" One after another the men failed to appear at succeeding rehearsals, and Coates was told that they had died of starvation! The same tragedy was going on among the chorus. Coates was deeply attached to his forces, and their daily sufferings broke his health. Blood poisoning set in, and for two months he lay at death's door. Mrs. Coates managed to persuade the authorities that his life was in danger, and at last she was able to take him out of the country. That is the true story which I am asked to relate."

    From Gramophone Celebrities XX.- Albert Coates by John F. Porte, The Gramophone, December 1927 


Producer's Note

The Pathetique symphony is transferred from quiet Italian pressings, the only set of quiet pressings I have ever seen - late 1930s Italian VDP pressings which yield far quieter surfaces than domestic HMV pressings. This recording has wonderfully ambient sonics but very little low frequency content, The reason being that the performance was transmitted over phone line from Kingsway Hall to Small Queen’s hall. I did what I could to boost the lower frequencies. One can hear that sides 2 and 5 were recorded under different conditions than the rest of the recording. One can also hear some low frequency electronic noises during the final side.

The Romeo and Juliet, with the Glinka filler, was only issued on Czech HMV. I have only seen 3 sets in 30 years and my set is the only one of the three that has no blasting on the loud passages. VDP numbers AW46-48 are listed in Alan Kelly's compilation files, but I have not heard of a copy in circulation. The March Slav is also very scarce.

Ward Marston


Albert Coates

Biographical notes from Wikipedia


Albert Coates (23 April 1882 –11 December 1953) was an English conductor and composer. Born in Saint Petersburg where his English father was a successful businessman, he studied in Russia, England and Germany, before beginning his career as a conductor in a series of German opera houses. He was a success in England at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, and in 1919 was appointed chief conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra.

His strengths as a conductor lay in opera and the Russian repertoire, and he was not thought as impressive in the core Austro-German symphonic repertoire. After 1923 he failed to secure a permanent conductorship in the UK, and for much of the rest of his life he guest conducted in continental Europe and the U.S. In his last years he took orchestral appointments in South Africa, where he died at 71.

As a composer, Coates is little remembered, but he composed seven operas, one of which was performed at Covent Garden. He also wrote some concert works for orchestral forces.


Early years

Coates was born in Saint Petersburg, the youngest of seven sons of a Yorkshire father, Charles Thomas Coates, who managed the Russian branch of an English company, and Mary Ann Gibson, who was born and raised in Russia to British parents. He learned the violin, cello and piano as a child in Russia. From 12, he was raised in England. After attending the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, he studied science at Liverpool University.

Coates returned to Russia to join his father's company, but he also studied composition with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. In 1902, he entered the Leipzig Conservatory, to study the cello with Julius Klengel and the piano with Robert Teichmüller, but he was drawn to conducting by Arthur Nikisch's conducting classes.

Nikisch appointed Coates répétiteur at the Leipzig opera, and he made his debut as a conductor in 1904 with Offenbach's The Tales of Hoffmann. He was engaged as the conductor of the opera house at Elberfeld in 1906, in succession to Fritz Cassirer. From there he progressed to the post of assistant conductor at the SemperoperDresden(1907–8), under Ernst von Schuch and Mannheim in 1909 under Artur Bodanzky. He made his London début in May 1910, conducting the London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) in a programme consisting of a symphony by Maximilian SteinbergTchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto and Beethoven's Seventh SymphonyThe Times judged him "sound and artistic", though "not particularly inspiring to watch." In the same year he was invited by Eduard Nápravník to conduct at Saint Petersburg's Mariinsky Theatre.

Coates's conducting of Siegfried at the Mariinsky led to his appointment as principal conductor of the Russian Imperial Opera, a post he held for five years, during which he became associated with leading Russian musicians, including Alexander Scriabin, for whose music he became a strong advocate. In July 1910, he married Ella Lizzie Holland.


International career

Coates first appeared at Covent Garden in 1914 in a Wagner season. He won critical praise for his performance of Tristan und Isolde and particularly for his conducting of Die Meistersinger. His conducting of Puccini's Manon Lescaut later in the same season was also well-received, his Parsifal less so.

The Russian Revolution in 1917 did not at first adversely affect Coates. The Soviet government appointed him "President of all Opera Houses in Soviet Russia", based in Moscow. By 1919, however, living conditions in Russia had become desperate. Coates became seriously ill, and with considerable difficulty left Russia with his family by way of Finland in April 1919. After his arrival in England, Coates was appointed chief conductor of the LSO. Reviewing his first performance in the post, The Times praised him warmly, along with the younger Adrian Boult and Geoffrey Toye, in an article on "The Conductor's Art". In September 1919, Coates was appointed to teach a new class for operatic training at the Royal College of Music. Reporting the appointment, The Times wrote, "There can scarcely be a musician in this country with so wide and cosmopolitan an experience of operatic performance."

The following month, there occurred an incident for which Coates's name is remembered in many books and articles. The LSO gave the world premiere of Elgar's Cello Concerto under the baton of the composer, but Coates, who was conducting the rest of the programme, appropriated most of Elgar's allotted rehearsal time. As a result, the orchestra gave a notoriously inadequate performance. Elgar did not complain publicly, but the musical world knew privately of Coates's behaviour. With this exception, Coates served English composers well in the post-war years, giving the first performances of large-scale works including Vaughan Williams's revised A London Symphony (1920),Delius's Requiem (1922), Bax's First Symphony (1922), and Holst's Choral Symphony (1925). He conducted many other early performances of music by contemporary English composers, including the second complete performance of Holst's The Planets in 1920, two years after its premiere. Among works from continental Europe introduced to England by Coates were Prokofiev's Third Piano Concerto and Rachmaninoff's Fourth Piano Concerto, each with its composer as soloist. In 1925 he gave the first stage performance outside Russia of Rimsky-Korsakov's opera The Invisible City of Kitezh.

After his contract with the LSO expired in 1922, Coates held no more permanent conductorships in the UK, although he directed the Leeds music festivals of 1922 and 1925.In 1923 he was appointed joint principal conductor with Eugene Goossens of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra in the U.S. He was among the co-founders of Vladimir Rosing's pioneering American Opera Company. Coates left Rochester in 1925 as a result of a disagreement with the orchestra's sponsor, George Eastman over artistic policy. The reason for Coates's failure to secure a permanent position in the UK was, according to one commentator, that although he was a fine conductor of opera and of Russian concert music, "his interpretations of the Viennese classics were less acceptable" and as the latter were more important in British musical life, "Coates failed to win for himself the highest reputation among his own countrymen."


Later years

In 1925, Coates was invited to Paris to conduct at the Opéra. He continued to make regular guest appearances in many of the world's artistic centres until 1939. He conducted opera in Italy (1927 to 1929), and Germany (Berlin State Opera, 1931), and concerts with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (1935) and in the Netherlands, Sweden and the USSR, which he visited three times.

On 13 November 1936 the BBC broadcast the world's first televised opera: scenes from Coates's Pickwick, directed by Rosing, were shown in advance of the work's premiere. Coates and Rosing launched a season of the British Music Drama Opera Company at Covent Garden the following week.

When World War II broke out, Coates moved to the US. There, together with Rosing, he founded the Southern California Opera Association. Productions included Coates's opera Gainsborough's Duchess. He guest conducted the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and worked briefly in Hollywood, making cameo appearances in two MGMfilms.

In 1946 Coates moved to South Africa. He accepted the conductorships of the Johannesburg Symphony Orchestra and, later, the Cape Town Municipal Orchestra. He settled in Milnerton, Cape Town, with his second wife Vera Joanna Nettlefold (a soprano professionally known as Vera de Villiers). He died there in 1953. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography says of him "Although he was important to the fortunes of the London Symphony Orchestra immediately after the First World War, his contribution to British musical life was ephemeral. As a composer he has lost his place in the repertory, and as an executant he is remembered generally by collectors with an interest in historic recordings."



In its obituary of Coates, The Times wrote that his compositions "fell between the two stools of national character and international sympathy, with a resulting ambiguity of achievement." The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians describes them as "technically proficient rather than imaginative". His works include the operas Samuel Pepysand Pickwick; the former was given in German in Munich in 1929, and latter in English at Covent Garden in 1936. His five other operas included "The Myth Beautiful" (1920).His concert works included a piano concerto and a symphonic poem The Eagle, dedicated to the memory of his former teacher Nikisch, which was performed in Leeds in 1925.


Coates made important early contributions to the representation of orchestral music on record, beginning in 1920 with Scriabin's The Poem of Ecstasy and afterwards conducting many excerpts from Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen and (in 1923 and 1926) two complete recordings of Symphony No. 9 of Beethoven. He was the conductor for the 1930 premiere recording of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 3 in D minor, with Vladimir Horowitz as soloist.



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